Quick Introduction

Here’s a quick introduction to what we are going to see in this post. At first, we will discuss what are compilers? How does it work? What are the different types of compilers?

Then we will look at the best compiler for c++ and c available for windows and Linux. At last, we will see some of the online best compilers for c++ and c.

And conclude the post by looking at a short difference between a compiler and interpreter.

What is a compiler?

Compilers are computer translators which translate high-level language into low-level language or machine language(001101…) so that machine could understand it and execute in a single run.

The compiler also makes the output code efficient which is optimized for execution time and memory space.

Different types of Compilers

Single-Pass Compilers

It directly converts source code into machine code.

Two-Pass Compilers

A Two-pass/multi-pass Compiler is a type of compiler that processes the source code or abstract syntax tree of a program multiple times.

How do compilers work?

How compilers work?
source: csspoint101.com

Best C++ and C compilers for Windows/Linux

1. Intel C++ Compiler

Intel C++ Compiler also is known as ICC available for both Linux and windows. Intel compilers are optimized to computer systems using processors that support Intel architectures. It works with both c and c++.

2. GNU Compiler

The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system produced by the GNU Project. It was originally developed for C language but now supports many languages like- C++, Java, etc. Available both for windows and Linux.

3. Dev C++

Dev-C++ is a full-featured compiler for the C/C++ programming language. It uses the Mingw port of GCC (GNU Compiler Collection) as it’s a compiler. It can also be used in combination with Cygwin or any other GCC based compiler. Available only for windows

4. Borland C++

Borland C++ is a C and C++ IDE for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows. It is good for beginners as it is simpler to use.

5. Clang

Clang provides a language front-end and tooling infrastructure for languages in the C language family (C, C++, Objective C/C++, OpenCL, CUDA).Clang is considered to be a good compiler to build a tool and to reuse, integrate with other projects too. Available both for windows and Linux.

6. Visual C++ Compiler

Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler is a good compiler for developing Windows applications. Although Visual Studio presents a ton of choices to the user when first starting out. Available both for windows and Linux. A key feature of Visual C++ is the development of MFC architecture which provides the fastest executables

7. MinGW

 MinGW refers to a set of runtime headers, used in building a compiler system based on the GNU GCC and binutils projects(supports both c and c++). A key benefit of it is fast and simple and requires DLL libraries. This is available only for windows.

8. Tiny C Compiler

TinyCC (aka TCC) is a small but hyper fast C compiler. Unlike other C compilers, it is meant to be self-relying: you do not need an external assembler or linker because TCC does that for you. Available only for c and windows.

Best C/C++ Compilers available online

1. Jdoodle.com

Jdoodle provides an interesting and fun to use online C++ compiler with an astonishing code execution speed. Available for both C++ , C and other languages like – Java , PHP , Python, etc

2.  Repl.it

Repl.it gives the most beautiful and one of the best Online Compiler and IDE for C++. It supports the latest version of C++ with some exciting functions. 

3. Tutorialspoint.com

It provides online compilers for different programming languages. It provides many interesting features like color coding, creates new projects, downloads your source code, etc.

4. Codechef.com

Codechef provides very easy to use online C++ compiler, apart from C++ you can compile your Java and interpret your Python code too.

5. Codepad.org

Codepad is an online compiler/interpreter, and a simple collaboration tool. It supports both c and c++ along with other languages as well.

6. Onlinegdb.com

GDB online is an online compiler and debugger tool for C, C++, Python, PHP, Ruby, etc
Code, Compile, Run and Debug online from anywhere in the world.

Difference between Compiler and Interpreter

COMPILER Interpreter
1. A compiler translates the complete soure program in a single run. 1. An interpreter translates the source program line by line.
2. It consumes less time and are faster.2. It is less efficient and slower.
3. The error localization is difficult. 3. The error localization is easier than compiler.
4. Both syntactic and semantic errors can be checked at the same time.4. Only syntactic error can be checked at a time.
5. A compiler does not provide improved debugging environment.5. A interpreter provides an improved debugging environment.
6. A compiler is used by languages such as C, C++ etc.6. An interpreter is used by languages such as Java, Python, Perl etc.

Frequently Asked Questions on Compilers

What is a compiler?

Compilers are computer translators which translate high-level language into low-level language or machine language(001101…) so that machine could understand it and execute in a single run.

Different types of Compilers

1.Single-Pass Compilers
It directly converts source code into machine code.
2. Two-Pass Compilers
A Two-pass/multi-pass Compiler is a type of compiler that processes the source code or abstract syntax tree of a program multiple times.

Which is the best compiler for C++/C in Windows 10?

The best compiler for C++ in Windows 10 is the Visual C++ compiler and Intel C++ compiler.

What C++ compiler is best for beginners?

The best C++ Compiler for beginners are : Visual C++ compiler, Intel C++ compiler and GNU Compiler.

What is a Compiler example?

Few compiler examples are : Dev C++, Borland C++ ,Visual C++ compiler, Intel C++ compiler and GNU Compiler.

Which is the best Online compiler for C/C++?

The best Online compiler for C/C++ compilers are :  Repl.it, Jdoodle.com , Tutorialspoint.com and Onlinegdb.com.

What is the role of the compiler?

The primary role of the compiler is to convert high level language into low level machine language so that machine could understand and execute that code.

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